First, miners drill holes into the side of mountains or the end of the tunnel or face.
In open pit mines, deep holes are drilled straight down into the earth.
Miners use special drills or machines for digging down into the earth to get minerals out and to put explosives in.
face(noun)- the end of the tunnel where the workers ore blasting to make the tunnel longer
open pit(noun)-a large hole open to surface to expose ore so it can be removed without going underground
Then it is the muckers turn. They shoveled the ore and rocks and carried it to be processed.
In the early days, small underground ore cars would be pushed on rails to get the ore out of the tunnel. Sometimes miners would use wheelbarrows or packs to carry it out.
Eventually mules were brought in and then electric or diesel were used to make trains.
mucking (verb)- removing the ore that has been blasted blasted from the face. The man that does this work is called the mucker(noun)